Interesting JavaScript hacks that make things easier

1. Shuffle elements from array

Every day I’m shufflin’

var my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
console.log(my_list.sort(function() {
return Math.random() - 0.5
}));
// [4, 8, 2, 9, 1, 3, 6, 5, 7]

2.Use length to resize/empty an array

We basically overwrite the length of the array.

var entries = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7];  
console.log(entries.length);
// 7
entries.length = 4;
console.log(entries.length);
// 4
console.log(entries);
// [1, 2, 3, 4]
var entries = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]; 
console.log(entries.length);
// 7
entries.length = 0;
console.log(entries.length);
// 0
console.log(entries);
// []

3. Convert number to string

We just have to use the concatenation operator with an empty set of quotation marks.

var converted_number = 5 + "";
console.log(converted_number);
// 5
console.log(typeof converted_number);
// string

4. Convert string to number

All we need is the + operator.

the_string = "123";
console.log(+the_string);
// 123
the_string = "hello";
console.log(+the_string);
// NaN

5. Replace All

We know that the string.replace() function replaces only the first occurrence.
You can replace all the occurrences by adding /g at the end of the regex.

var example = "potato potato";
console.log(example.replace(/pot/, "tom"));
// "tomato potato"
console.log(example.replace(/pot/g, "tom"));
// "tomato tomato"

6. Flatten multidimensional array

Simply by using the Spread operator.

var entries = [1, [2, 5], [6, 7], 9];
var flat_entries = [].concat(...entries);
// [1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9]

7. Short Circuit Conditionals

Let’s take this example:

if (available) {
addToCart();
}
available && addToCart()

8. Dynamic Property Names

I always thought that I first had to declare an object before being able to assign a dynamic property.

const dynamic = 'flavour';
var item = {
name: 'Coke',
[dynamic]: 'Cherry'
}
console.log(item);
// { name: "Coke", flavour: "Cherry" }

9. Extract Unique Values

We can create a new array only with the unique values by using the Set object and the Spread operator.

var entries = [1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 4, 2, 1]
var unique_entries = [...new Set(entries)];
console.log(unique_entries);
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]

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